Factory Surplus sells a variety of flooring and flooring products. We want to offer the best buying experience to our customers. Below is information about the grades of hardwood and tile that we offer in our stores. We suggest that all first time buyers read over each grade so that they can fully understand what they are buying and what to expect so that the job is done right and looks great. You can download a PDF copy of the grades by clicking the link at the top of each heading.

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Contains all the variations in color produced by the contrasting differences of heartwood and sapwood. Also contains minimal visible character marks such as small knots, mineral streaks and slightly open characters. The combination creates a visually interesting floor where light sapwood and dark heartwood are combined with small characters and other small color interruptions.

#1 Common

Characterized by prominent color variation as well as prominent (but limited in size) character marks such as knots and open checks, as well as variations resulting from drying and machining processes. This grade results in a tasteful floor where prominent variation is to be expected.

#2 Common

May contain a wide range of natural and manufacturing variations of any size, including knots, knot holes and other open characters, as well as prominent color variation and irregularities resulting from drying and machining processes. This grade is desirable where numerous notable character marks and significant color contrast is to be expected. # 2 Common may include a small number of boards deemed unusable by your installing contractor. Expect 10-15% waste

#3 Common

The most rustic-looking grade, #3 grade will include any number of character marks and color variation and is most suitable in applications where cost, rather than appearance is the driving factor, or where a truly rustic look is desired. Includes pieces with machine defects. Will include some pieces of limited serviceability. Sold As-Is. Expect 15-20% waste.

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Porcelain Tile

Procelain tile is usually harder than ceramic. Porcelain tile is made of finer clay and fired had high temperatures to create a very hard dense tile. These are great for high-traffic flooring areas.

Ceramic Tile

Ceramic tile is usually not as hard as porcelain tile. Ceramic tile is easier to cut and is often cheaper. Ceramic tile is best used in lower traffic areas.

PEI Rating #1

Wall use only in residential and commercial applications.

PEI Rating #2

Both wall use and flooring areas that receive little traffic, such as residential bathrooms.

PEI Rating #3

Countertops, walls, and floors for normal foot traffic.

PEI Rating #4

All residential applications as well as medium commercial and light institutional.

PEI Rating #5

All residential and heavy commercial and institutional foot traffic. Typically this is used only for flooring.

Grade A Tile

Grade A tile is the highest grade tile. There will be no shade variations. Defects such as chips, broken tiles, and unmatched colors will show up in less than 5 out of 100 tiles.

Grade B Tile-Seconds/Builder's grade

Grade B tile may have slight shade variances. Chipped corners and other defects are to be expected at a rate of 10-15%.